There are many types of allergies that can affect children. Genetic and environmental factors influence allergies. And of course, there are children who have more risk factors. That is, due to their genetic characteristics (among others) they are more likely to present different clinical manifestations of allergy throughout life.
There are two very important types of respiratory allergies in childrens, which can evolve differently throughout life if medical intervention is not made to stop its course.
The most widespread manifestations of respiratory allergies in children are Asthma and Rhinitis. These are its characteristics and also its differences:
1. Asthma. The allergy condition occurs in the lower respiratory tract, and is characterized by presenting as main symptoms:
- Persistent cough that can be dry or with phlegm.
- Agitation, also described as a feeling of tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing.
- Wheezing on expiration, that is to say a kind of hiss that is heard in the breath when breathing air out.
The greatest importance of this respiratory disease is that, if it does not receive attention from its first manifestations, the pictures are increasingly serious and can be life-threatening since it can compromise oxygenation and cause failure of multiple organs. Some uncontrolled events can be so serious that they require care in the emergency room and / or hospitalization in an intensive care unit. Very severe cases of asthma can cause death.
2. Rhinitis. Rhinitis is characterized by inflammation of the nose. The most important symptoms can be:
- Runny nose or congestion.
- Itchy nose.
- Nasal bleeding.
- Itching on the palate (due to inflammation from being near the nose).
- Itching in the ears or a feeling of blocked ears (due to dysfunction of a drainage from the ear that reaches the nose).
- Headache due to inflammation or infection of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis).
Rhinitis is not a disease that endangers the life of the child, but it greatly limits the quality of it, because the patient, not being able to breathe well, does not sleep adequately, so they do not get a good rest and interfere in their daily activities such as working or in this case, when dealing with children, studying.
These two manifestations of allergy, both asthma and rhinitis, are widely related. In fact, 60% of patients who only have rhinitis data at an early age, can develop asthma throughout life if they do not receive adequate treatment. 40% of patients who start with asthma can develop rhinitis without receiving timely treatment.
Ultimately, the nose and lungs are organs of the same respiratory system and it is common for them to have symptoms of the same diseases.
The important thing is that if a child has recurrent symptoms for more than 4 weeks, it is worth turning to the doctor so that in case of a respiratory allergy, he can receive timely treatment.
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