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Ovulation is the process that occurs when a mature egg is released during menstruation in women. It is one of the stages of the menstrual cycle and marks the fertile days of the woman that defines the days in which the conception of a baby can take place.
If you are wanting to get pregnant or just want to know when your ovulation occurs to avoid it, you have to what is ovulation, what are its symptoms and when does it occur.
During menstruation, a mature egg is released and develops in the ovary. This is what is known as ovulation. And this is your process:
- Part of the ovary called the ovarian follicle discharges an egg, also known as the egg gamete, oocyte, or mature ovum. It is only downloaded when it has reached maturity.
- The oocyte travels through the fallopian tube, and it is in this space where it can meet a sperm and fertilize.
- Periovulatory or follicular phase: a layer of cells around the egg begins to become mucous and expand. In turn, the lining of the uterus thickens.
- Ovulatory phase: the enzymes form a hole or stigma. The egg uses this stigma to move into the fallopian tube. This period lasts from 24 to 48 hours and is the fertile days of the woman.
- Post-ovulatory or luteal phase: If the ovum has been fertilized, it will implant in the uterus, if it has not been, the ovum will stop producing hormones and will dissolve slowly.
The lining of the uterus will begin to break down and prepare to leave the body, it is menstruation.
Each woman has her own cycle, which can be 21, 28, 32 days ... Ovulation usually occurs towards the middle of the woman's cycle. A regular cycle is considered one that lasts 28 days, so ovulation will take place on day 14.
And is that the beginning of each cycle starts counting from the first day of menstruation and the release of the ovum generally occurs between the 12th and 16th day before the arrival of the next cycle.
From the moment that women begin to menstruate, between the ages of 10 and 15, they begin to ovulate and be able to conceive a baby.
Ovulation usually stops menopause, which usually occurs around age 50, although it can happen even earlier in the period known as perimenopause.
There are several signs that a woman is ovulating:
- During ovulation, increases the flow of cervical mucus, it also becomes thicker due to increased levels of estrogen.
- Increased body temperature, progesterone is the hormone that is secreted when the egg is released and drives the increase in body temperature. The most fertile days are located 2 to 3 days before the temperature reaches its maximum. To control it, a basal thermometer can be used.
- Some women are aware of ovulation as they feel a twinge in the lower abdomen, is known as Mittelschmerz pain and can last a few minutes or a few hours.
- An ovulation test that you buy in pharmacies can detect the increase of luteinizing hormone in the urine just before ovulation.
The ovulation calendar is designed to help you predict what your fertile days are based on the days of your menstrual cycle.
If what you want is to get pregnant, find out the date of your ovulation for fertilization to occur. You can use the ovulation calculator from Guiainfantil.com
Problems in the ovulation process can lead to difficulty conceiving a baby and are:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: They are enlarged ovaries, often with small fluid-filled cysts. It can lead to a hormonal imbalance that can disrupt ovulation.
- Hypothalamic dysfunction: when the production of hormones that stimulate ovulation is interrupted.
- Rheumatoid ovarian insufficiency- Egg production stops due to falling estrogen levels.
- Hyperprolactinemia or excess prolactin.
Yes, it can be induced by medications that regulate or trigger ovulation. They are usually prescribed to treat the cessation of ovulation. Doctors alert those who take these drugs that it can increase the chances of having twins or triplets.
They also have side effects such as abdominal pain, hot flashes, heavy menstruation, vaginal dryness, insomnia or mood swings.
You can read more articles similar to Ovulation: what is it, symptoms, stages and fertile days calculator, in the category of Getting pregnant on site.