ADHD in adolescence

ADHD in adolescence

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ADHD, (attention deficit and / or impulsivity disorder) has important repercussions in the life of the child, since it directly affects the academic, social and emotional areas of those who present it. It is a disorder that is usually detected in childhood and that accompanies the child throughout its development, and does not disappear in adolescence.

Adolescence by itself does not cause adolescents with ADHD to have different problems than adolescents who do not, but it is a developmental period that presents more difficulties for those with ADHD. Here's what you need to know about ADHD in adolescence.

How this disorder manifests itself at this stage will depend on many factors (educational guidelines, treatment, etc.). There are some symptoms that are mitigated in this stage (hyperactivity), but there will be others that may increase, such as impulsivity, due to the characteristics of the stage.

It is an especially delicate stage in these children, since the characteristics of the disorder are added to those of the stage of development in which they are. A stage full of physical, biological, emotional and social changes that make it easier for these children to adopt behaviors that we call risky.

Adolescence by itself is a difficult stage for youngsters, in which they face multiple challenges, changes, new roles, new responsibilities and demands on the environment. A stage in which they build who they are, in which they access new forms of thought, more abstract and in which they begin to enter the adult world, facing new challenges and vital challenges.

The majority of adolescents with this disorder, even if they receive treatment or have received it during childhood, they continue to have problems with attention, lack of planning and impulse control, in addition to the social emotional difficulties that accompany ADHD, (poor self-esteem, problems in social skills, etc ...).

  • They are more likely at this stage to engage in behaviors that we call risky, such as substance use, closely linked to this difficulty in impulse control. This is also closely related to social areas, the need to be accepted can lead them to have more behaviors of this type.
  • It may also happen that at this stage they present a more challenging behavior, more oppositional, (something that can also occur in children are ADHD), which mainly affects the family and the school environment and requires a series of guidelines and specific ways of acting with them on the part of parents and educators.
  • At this stage there may be a increased impulsiveness (Adolescent traits are added to the characteristic of ADHD), greater opposition to authority, which negatively affects their academic, family and social life.
  • Another important point to take into account are the educational needs that derive from the disorder, which must also be taken into account in the secondary stage to avoid a situation of failure and school dropout. That is to say, at the school level, the necessary help and support must continue to be offered so that they successfully achieve the teaching-learning objectives. The problems of lack of attention to concentration, planning difficulties, and mental disorganization may become more acute in this educational stage in which they have to be totally autonomous and the academic demands are greater than in primary school.

Actions in the educational field are essential as well as working with them specific learning and organization strategies, essential for them to be able to successfully follow their training itinerary.

But it must be made clear that not all adolescents with ADHD are going to have a complicated and risky adolescence. It depends a lot on whether they have received or are receiving treatment, of the family and social environment, of their personal resources, their social skills, etc.

Therefore, in adolescence, educational and family guidelines will be fundamental, adjusted to the stage in which the child is and their personal characteristics, and the treatment that the adolescent receives, aimed especially at the emotional and behavioral area and educational support. .

You can read more articles similar to ADHD in adolescence, in the category of hyperactivity and attention deficit on site.

Video: ADHD TEST (December 2022).