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How are speech therapy exercises for children


The 'praxis'are the exercises thatspeech therapists most use in their daily practice. Refers to little exercises isolated that they usually practice within their sessions and that they recommend to families to also practice at home with the children. There are a multitude of praxis for each of the oral muscles of children.

We explain the main characteristics, types and utilities of these Oral praxis and how are speech therapy exercises for children.

It is common that when our young children have difficulties with functions, such as speech, swallowing, breathing, fluency and / or voice, and the speech therapists recommend certain exercises or praxis. It is important to know that you are must be personalized for each child and its concrete difficulties. Once worked and achieved, they will be changed for more complex ones or they will be eliminated.

Next, we will delve a little more into this concept of praxis by answering the following three questions:

  • What are the characteristics of praxis?
  • What types of praxis are there?
  • What are the benefits of praxis?

In summary, the main characteristics of praxis would be two: the number of repetitions and the effort or force in the exercise. Thus, the main uses are to improve mobility and muscle tone, through repetition and / or strength exercises. Existing praxis for each of the main three oral muscles:

- Praxias on lips
The lips are a rounded musculature that must move with precision and force. There are specific exercises to improve mobility such as kissing or specific exercises to improve strength such as holding a pencil on the upper lip or overcoming the force of a button behind the lips.

- Praxias on cheeks
The cheeks are broad and strong muscles that participate in the suction. Normally when it is weak in strength, there is usually a fall and food remains are observed on the sides of the mouth. To work on their strength, syringe suction exercises with gradually more complex tasks (water, air, etc.) are usually proposed.

- Praxias in language
The tongue is a complex musculature that should be relatively triangular in shape, strong and broad in motion. When this musculature is weak, it tends to have a dropped and rounded position in shape, and when its movement is not very agile it usually costs tongue elevation and lateralization to the sides. To work on your strength, strength work is usually proposed against depressors (wooden sticks). And to work your movement you usually propose numerous exercises such as cleaning your teeth or the palate with your tongue.

In most cases, these exercises are short and easy, as well as easily acquired in a short period of time, because they all include small muscles (lips, tongue, cheeks, etc.) unlike other much more complex and large body muscles (extremities, head, trunk, etc.).

You can read more articles similar to How are speech therapy exercises for children, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.


Video: How to Do Speech Therapy with Toddlers at Home (January 2022).