Leukemia is the most common cancer in children

Leukemia is the most common cancer in children

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Cancer is the second most common cause of infant mortality in children between the ages of 1 and 14, and the incidence of this disease among children now appears to be increasing, hence the need for early diagnosis and effective treatment.

Leukemia is the most common childhood cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells, they flood the blood flow and stop protecting the body against diseases as they are defective cells.

Also, leukemia interferes with the production of other blood cells such as red blood cells and platelets. There are several types of leukemia, but about 60% of children with it have acute lymphocytic leukemia and about 38% acute myeloid leukemia. The lymphocytic form of the disease occurs most frequently in young children, 2 to 8 years old, with a more marked incidence at the age of 4 years.

Although cancer, and especially leukemia, is one of the most feared diseases, the chances of a cure are very good. With proper treatment, most children who suffer from it outgrow the disease and it never reappears. The factors that trigger leukemia cannot always be known or controlled, but there are circumstances that seem to predispose children to developing the disease.

Most are not due to hereditary causes, they are studied on possible environmental factors, previous cancer treatments, radiation during pregnancy or the use of immunosuppressants for organ transplants. Since this disease cannot be prevented, early diagnosis through the early symptoms that may appear is of great importance.

In a diagnostic examination, in addition to being important the medical history of the child (illnesses, medications taken or previous treatments), physical signs such as recurrent infections, anemia, abnormal bleeding, swollen lymph nodes or palpation of organs such as the liver or spleen are looked for to check its size and condition.

Patro Gabaldon. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to Leukemia is the most common cancer in children, in the Cancer category on site.

Video: بيوميديا l اليوم العالمي لسرطان الأطفال International Childhood Cancer day l (January 2023).