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The atopic dermatitis it is a chronic skin disease. There are studies that indicate that it affects 10% of children, a considerable figure that makes it a common condition among children, although it can manifest itself in different intensities.
The symptoms of this disease are not serious, that is, they do not put the child's life at risk, but it is true that they are very annoying and can limit their quality of life. In fact, the effects of atopic dermatitis can damage children's self-esteem. It produces discomfort, irritability, sleep disturbance and change in character. The injuries that cause itching can become very intense, leading to the appearance of emotional disorders.
Atopic dermatitis is characterized by intense itching and dry skin that occurs in the form of eczema, and can appear in different areas of the body depending on the age of the child.
1. The first year of age
Eczema will appear on the face, cheeks, or the outer part of the extremities.
2. When children are older
They will appear in the elbow and knee folds, in the hands or on the feet.
3. In adolescence
They will arise in all the areas mentioned above.
Almost 90% of those affected by atopic dermatitis feel powerless over this disease causing them sadness and even making them feel irritable.
That irritability It can lead to anxiety, social isolation, and low self-esteem. Thus, and, above all, in children who have injuries in more visible areas (on the face, for example) we can see that they feel discriminated against by their peers and judged negatively. They are teased and feel isolated, which will lead to a problem of low self-esteem and depression.
Thus, the treatment of atopic dermatitis should be aimed at protecting the skin from external agents that 'attack' it by hydrating the skin with neutral soaps or with corticosteroid drugs when necessary. But, in addition, psychological treatment must be revealed so that the child's quality of life is not affected. Physicians, in this case dermatologists, must pay attention to any psychological disturbances that accompany this disease and bear in mind that if they are symptoms that do not disappear they should be referred to the psychologist.
The adults around the child should help so that the little one can feel safe and calm. To do this, the child must learn and know that:
- Atopic dermatitis can be a short-term skin complication and, therefore, it ends up mitigating.
- You do not have to listen to the comments of others. The child must be clear about whether or not he has spots remains the same. Make sure your child feels loved.
- When children are older they must learn that talking about the 'problem' with friends and family will help them overcome the negative feelings they experience. When friends or family can't help the search for a psychologist will be recommended to teach you the proper tools to handle the situation.
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