Do you know the Montessori method? If you are reading these lines, the answer is probably yes. And the thing is that for some time now there has been a lot of talk about educational methods that we could well call alternative to the classics. You know what we think of Guiainfantil.com? That the most successful thing is to know them all and use at home or at school the one that brings the most benefits to the little ones. Let's see a little more detail what it says and how the teaching of the Montessori method to teach children mathematics. You are sure to love it!
María Montessori, teacher, psychologist and doctor but above all a great thinker, believed and defended that boys and girls have the ability to learn on their own, and this implies that they themselves decide in their day to day what they would like to know. The role of the adult is merely a guide. At the same time, students must be prepared a pleasant and manipulative environment in which each one can unleash their imagination and which also guarantees exposure to new experiences.
It is intended to help the student reach their maximum potential within a guided freedom and taking as a premise that the child will mark their limits. They create their knowledge, something that, according to this method, will be very useful in their adult life. Learning is much richer and the student is motivated at all times and eager to learn and discover.
If we go from one point to another, when learning mathematics the principle that governs this method will be the same. If we look closely, Montessori teaching affirms that the boy or the girl will be the one to say what math concepts they want to learn. For example, you can show interest in an addition and subtraction notebook. He opens it, looks at it and, when something he does not understand catches his attention, he can go with total freedom and confidence to his classmates or to his teacher to explain these new concepts. Of course, for this to be possible, in the classroom or at home there must be math books and notebooks according to the age of the children, as well as games that give the option of counting and learning the basic contents of this subject.
Now that we have clear the theory of what the current developed by María Montessori comes to say regarding how children can learn mathematics in the best possible way, it is time to see some examples to be able to start it with our children or students.
Games and specific materials of the Montessori method can be made available to children (in related stores you will find a lot to choose from), but the same result can also be achieved with simple material that you have at home or in class, such as a game of checkers, chess or cards, colored paints, sticks, blocks, ribbons of different sizes and other pieces that can be moved, touched, put on top of each other and, of course, counted. Now let's detail some simple examples so that we see everything much clearer.
A good idea to start teaching concepts like addition or subtraction is to use wooden blocks. With them we can learn to add, subtract and even multiply and divide. And if they are also pieces that have different lengths, measurements or weights can be taught in addition to distances.
Numbers and more numbers
As simple as writing and cutting out the numbers from 1 to 50 for the children to begin to order them. First by families or groups and then play to put them from highest to lowest, order them backwards or see the concepts from even to odd. Guaranteed fun!
They are excellent for doing operations and knowing the symbols of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing. If you do not have a counter, but you do have an abacus, leave it at home in a visible place, you will see that your child will not take long to start asking you questions about its use.
The game of zeros
It is used to learn the ones, tens and hundreds and to count up to the number 1000 and beyond. Cut out some cards with the numbers from 1 to 9 and prepare a bunch of zeros separately. Now you just have to put the zeros to the family of 1 and see what result it gives us.
Ready for your children learn math with the Montessori method?
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